Perhaps one of the most significant outcomes of ENSCO is citizen mobilization and action. “Ordinary” individuals became citizen scientists, political strategists, and networked with national groups to learn more about the risks of incineration, state and federal laws and regulations, EPA oversight, and facility siting. Citizens also circulated a petition to create a ballot initiative to amend the hazardous waste facility language in the Arizona Revised Statutes (amending ARS Title 49, 1990 & another petition RE enviro protection, 1990). In protesting ENSCO, individuals often discovered other issues in their backyard that demanded their participation and oversight, such as wildlife and public lands protection.
With the exception of Dr. Mary Clifford’s case study in her text, Environmental Crime, ENSCO is largely ignored in the social science literature. Citizen mobilization against ENSCO, however, changed the face of Arizona environmental politics.
- Arizona Mountain News (October, 1990), “Toxic waste.“
- Capitol protest (1991).
- Citizen letter on the subject of an engineering feasibility study to explore important alternatives to incineration (June 11, 1990).
- Citizen letter to Gov. Rose Mofford calling for a special legislative session.
- Gov. Rose Mofford (1990) public hearing notice on ENSCO.
- Coyote flyer (1991) | Coyote T-shirt (by Spider)
- ENSCO bumper sticker (n.d.).
- Honky Tonk Sue comic from Phoenix New Times on ENSCO & coyotes
- Oops T-shirt
- Pat Costner and the citizens of El Dorado, Arkansas with their own ENSCO incinerator supported us in a myriad of ways. (See letter to then Gov. Bill Clinton from Izone International on the problems and efficacy of incineration (.pdf).
- Project Earth (1990), ENSCO fiasco.
- Stop ENSCO flyer | Another flyer, hearings
Citizens Clearinghouse for Hazardous Waste (CCHW), now Center for Health, Environment & Justice, and the book that started it all: How to Deal With a Proposed Facility, 1986 (CHEJ has a newer edition published in 2009).
Concerned Citizens of South Mountain: CCSSM_newsletter, September 19, 1990.
Sierra Club: Open letter to state legislators (1991).